Madrid, Spain | XINHUA | Former Spain and Real Madrid goalkeeper Iker Casillas officially announced his retirement on Tuesday, after 725 games for Real Madrid, 156 for Porto and a record 167 caps for the Spanish national team.The 39-year-old confirmed in an open letter that he had hung up his boots after his contract with Porto expired.“Today is one of the most important, and at the same time, difficult days in my sporting career. The time has come to say goodbye,” wrote Casillas.“My career in the world of football began 30 years ago. It has been a long road and like all roads, it has had good moments and less good ones. It has had moments of happiness and also sadness, but at this time in my life, and with perspective, I can say there is no doubt it has been worthwhile,” he continued.Casillas made his Real Madrid debut in 1999, and made his first appearance for his country the following year. He was captain for Spain’s 2010 FIFA World Cup triumph and their Euro 2008 and 2012 wins, but a breakdown in relations with Real Madrid president Florentino Perez resulted in his move to Porto in 2015. He was a regular for the Portuguese club until he suffered a heart attack in training on May 1, 2019. Although he returned to training, Casillas did not play a competitive match again.The legendary goalkeeper’s future now looks to be in the administrative side of football, having earlier this year declared his interest in running for president of the Spanish Football Federation.*****XINHUAShare on: WhatsApp
By Jay Cook |MIDDLETOWN – In less than two weeks, Office of Administrative Law Judge Gail M. Cookson will have everything she needs to make a preliminary decision on a powerline project that’s electrified 17 months of opposition from a citizen’s action group.After a 45-day deliberation period, Cookson will make the first major ruling for the Monmouth County Reliability Project (MCRP), a 10-mile, 230-kV transmission line proposed by Jersey Central Power & Light Co. The $111 million project is designed to run along the NJ Transit North Jersey Coast Line from Aberdeen to Red Bank through Hazlet, Holmdel and Middletown.Cookson recommendation to either approve or deny the MCRP will go to the state Board of Public Utilities for a final determination, expected sometime around the new year and the inauguration of New Jersey’s next governor.The MCRP has met stiff opposition from Residents Against Giant Electric (RAGE), a resident’s group organized in June 2016. RAGE met with reporters and elected officials at a press conference on Oct. 30 at the Middletown Public Library.“If this new line is built, we’d feel the pain of it every single day. And First Energy would get our money for it every single day,” said RAGE president Rachael Kanapka, referring to JCP&L’s parent company.Need for the MCRP stems from a violation at JCP&L’s Red Bank Substation where significant power would be lost if two transmission lines on a single structure failed. Kanapka said RAGE and its experts have come up with a less expensive, less intrusive plan to combat the MCRP.Designed and tested by RAGE expert and electrical engineer P. Jeffrey Palermo, the plan calls for installing two STATCOM devices at the Red Bank substation, and additionally upgrading 11 34.5-kV lines leaving the station. The anticipated cost? $30 million – or $81 million less than JCP&L’s proposal.“Compare that to the invasive and dangerous and expensive transmission line that JCP&L is proposing to fix the same exact problem,” Kanapka said.Ron Morano, a JCP&L spokesman, said the utility company has gone above and beyond in proving the MCRP’s need. JCP&L representatives have said the project will benefit 214,000 Monmouth County customers.“We strongly disagree with RAGE’s proposed alternative to the Monmouth County Reliability Project,” Morano wrote in an email to The Two River Times. “The ‘alternative’ proposed by RAGE would be more expensive to construct, more disruptive to JCP&L’s customers in Monmouth County, and result in a less robust electrical system than the MCRP.”“JCP&L has provided a significant amount of expert testimony in support of the need for this Project,” Morano continued. “The testimony regarding need was from both the Company as well as PJM.” PJM Interconnection is a regional transmission organization overseeing electrical grids in 13 states, including New Jersey, and the District of Columbia.Since RAGE fundraising began last year, the group has raised and spent about $450,000 in efforts to combat the MCRP. RAGE leadership said that number is anticipated to rise, depending on legal outcomes. Middletown, Hazlet, Holmdel, and Aberdeen have also joined together to fund a municipal defense team, represented by Bevan, Mosca & Giuditta, P.C.“That’s a big chunk of change and a big sacrifice from a lot of taxpayers,” said RAGE treasurer Stephen Lunanova.At the press conference, U.S. Rep. Frank Pallone (NJ-6) and state Sen. Jennifer Beck (R-11) took issue with JCP&L’s actions since the MCRP was announced, charging the utility company has used ratepayer dollars to fund a falsified campaign.Pallone, a ranking member of the House of Representative’s Energy and Commerce Committee, questioned JCP&L’s discourse.“Why can they spend ratepayers’ money, our money, to lobby on behalf of this line, when on the other hand you have to spend your own money to take the opposite point of view?” he asked.Beck, who represents only one of the five towns – Red Bank – called for an investigation into JCP&L’s “libelous practices and slanderous information” over the past year and a half.“It’s wrong information, and they’re presenting to the public something that is false. And they should be fined and sued and we should hold them accountable for misrepresenting this project to our residents,” said Beck. “If the Board of Public Utilities is unwilling to take this up, unwilling to conduct an investigation, then I will call on the Attorney General to do so.”Responding to Beck’s comments, Morano said, “Rhetoric such as that is unfortunate.”Depending on which side it favors, the MCRP could reach the state Appellate Division after final decisions later next year. But Kanapka doubled-down on her comments, challenging the utility’s project.“JCP&L’s proposal to build this line is at its best incompetent and weak, and at its worst, deviant, underhanded and greedy,” she said.This article was first published in the Nov. 2-9, 2017 print edition of The Two River Times.
Balfour Golf Club professional Craig Wilkinson is a great supporter of finding a cure for ALS.So much, that last week (June 26) Wilkinson golfed 200 holes in the sunrise to sunset fundraiser to support of those living with ALS, playing for 11 hours, 27 minutes, and 26 seconds to achieve the mark. Wilkinson began the day at 6 a.m., finished with six round scores of 69, 70, 73, 74, 68, 68 along with 46 birdies. “I always find myself looking forward to the PGA of BC Golfathon for ALS each June,” said Wilkinson, Head Golf Professional at Balfour.“The support that we as an association are able to provide to individuals and families in British Columbia who suffer with ALS is something that we all should be very proud of. I very much look forward to 2018 which will mark my 10th year as a participant and supporter of this great cause.” Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), also referred to as Lou Gehrig’s Disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder that affects the person’s motor neurons that carry messages to the muscles resulting in weakness and wasting in arms, legs, mouth, throat and elsewhere; typically the person is immobilized within two to five years of the initial diagnosis. There is no known cause or cure yet, but there is hope through the ALS Society of BC. Proceeds from the Golfathon for ALS provide crucial support services to ALS patients and their families, friends, and caregivers. Help support your local golf professionals to raise awareness and funds for the ALS Society of BC.
Hundreds of people from all over Donegal took part last weekend in the community clean-ups as part of the 2019 Big Donegal Clean Up.Groups in Buncrana, Carrowmenagh, Dunree, Moville, Greencastle, Culdaff, Manorcunningham, Newtowncunningham, Killea and Carrigans will be out on Saturday (6 April) as part of the Inishowen Community Clean-up initiative while the St. Johnston Community Clean up finishes today, April 13.Inishowen councillor Rena Donahey praised locals for turning out, especially in Buncrana where she said it was the biggest since the event began. Praising local volunteers in Buncrana, she said: “On the Big Inishowen Clean Up, I would just like to say it was an absolute a phenomenal success.“It was probably the biggest turnout since we started the event a number of years ago. There must have been at least 60 people in Buncrana and I would like to congratulate them.“It was a brilliant success and the amount of stuff they got was shocking,” she added.“It was great to get it collected and I would like to thank the (Donegal County) Council because they really pushed the boat out (for the event).” Volunteers for Big Donegal Clean Up congratulated on ‘phenomenal success’ was last modified: April 13th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:BIG DONEGAL CLEAN-UP
QPR have made four changes to their side for the final Championship game of the season against Bristol City.Nasser El Khayati and Conor Washington both start, with Michael Petrasso and Sebastian Polter dropping to the bench.Tjarron Chery returns, at the expense of Matt Phillips, while Ben Gladwin – who played one game on loan at City earlier this year – replaces Junior Hoilett.Massimo Luongo is ruled out with a groin injury.Bristol City bring on-loan Aston Villa man Nathan Baker back into defence, replacing Derrick Williams, and there’s also a change up front with 36-year-old Aaron Wilbraham coming in for Kieran Agard.Aden Flint (knee) and Adam Matthews (hamstring) have not been risked.QPR: Ingram; Onuoha, Hall, Hill, Kpekawa; El Khayati, Henry, Faurlin, Gladwin; Chery; Washington.Subs: Lumley, Perch, Petrasso, Hoilett, Prohouly, Grego-Cox, Polter.Bristol City: O’Donnell; Ayling, Pearce, Baker, Golbourne; Pack; Reid, Bryan; Tomlin; Wilbraham, Kodjia.Subs: O’Leary, Vyner, Little, Dowling, Freeman, Wagstaff, Agard.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
* * *Subscribe to the Mercury News and East Bay Times for $40 a year and receive a free Warriors championship coffee table book* * *Click HERE if you’re unable to view the gallery on your mobile device.DALLAS — When all else fails, the Warriors have two dependable options. Lean on Stephen Curry and Kevin Durant. The Warriors prevailed with a 119-114 victory over the Dallas Mavericks on Sunday by leaning on their two leading scorers as they often do.Curry, who had 48 points on …
The ways various news organizations cover the same news story – why swimmers’ fingers get wrinkled – provides a test case on whether evolutionary theory adds any value.It’s one of those things we all know from experience but only a scientist would want to explain: why do our fingers get wrinkled like prunes after about 5 minutes underwater? Recent studies show that the phenomenon is controlled by the autonomous nervous system. Tom Smulders, an evolutionary biologist at Newcastle University in the United Kingdom, decided to run some experiments. Bottom line: the wrinkles may serve a purpose, helping us to grip things better underwater.We could leave it at that, but some news sources wanted to invoke evolutionary theory to explain it. Other sources, though secular and supportive of evolution, didn’t refer to it. Here’s the breakdown:Jonathan Amos at the BBC News gave evolution the most credit. Right off the bat, he said prune fingers “suggest our ancestors may have evolved the creases as they moved and foraged for food in wet conditions.” Finding that they are under nervous system control “led scientists into thinking there must be some deeper evolutionary justification for the ridges.” Smulders considered it “less of a leap to assume there must be a function for it, and that evolution has selected it. And evolution wouldn’t have selected it unless it conferred some sort of advantage.“Helen Thomson at New Scientist didn’t refer to evolution at all. “Why do our fingers do prune impressions when soaked? It could be an adaptation that gives us better grip underwater,” she said, referring only to the functional purpose of a better grip. A lot of her readers, though, got into evolution debates in the comments.Sid Perkins at Science Now invoked evolution three times. “Having something under the direct control of a nerve, even an involuntary one, suggests it serves an evolutionary purpose,” he said, adding later, “It’s also unclear whether wrinkles evolved to help us grasp underwater objects, or whether they’re simply a byproduct of a nervous system quirk. Weber says finding out whether such puckering occurs in other primates might shed light on the evolutionary origins of the phenomenon.“Becky Summers at Nature News brought in evolution only tangentially, mentioning that “In 2011, Mark Changizi, an evolutionary neurobiologist at 2AI Labs in Boise, Idaho, and his colleagues, suggested that wrinkling, being an active process, must have an evolutionary function.” But the next statement focused on the design, noting that wrinkling “appeared to be optimized for providing a drainage network that improved grip. But until now, there was no proof that wrinkly fingers did in fact offer an advantage.”Charles Choi at Live Science repeatedly gave evolution the credit, quoting Smulders that the “functional feature” has”very likely been selected for by evolution.” Looking for “a potential explanation of why this effect might have evolved,” he quoted Smulders speculating that “it could have helped with gathering food from wet vegetation or streams.” Smulders took more of a leap to assume, further, that the wrinkling on the toes might have helped our ancestors in the trees. It will take further research to “shed light on when and why it evolved.“Science Magazine‘s feature “Random Samples” didn’t mention evolution at all in four paragraphs on the subject, other than to note that Tom Smulders is an evolutionary biologist. “The pale wrinkles that adorn fingertips after an extended soaking may be unsightly, but they serve a purpose: They help us get a stronger grip on slippery objects,” the article said, focusing on purpose.So while most reporters invoked evolution, a couple did not. Were they lacking anything for the omission? All of the articles noted that there appears to be a purpose for wrinkled fingers underwater, but none of them explained how a purposeless process could arrive at purpose.The only vestigial organ left in evolutionary theory is evolution itself. You can see how it was completely useless as an explanation for this simple phenomenon, a vestige of an outworn Victorian myth. The reporters either (1) cheat or (2) misunderstand evolution when they say that prune fingers “evolved to” or “evolved for” anything. Evolve is not an active verb; it’s passive. It’s a passive result of happenstance, not a force leading to a purposeful end. If wrinkly fingers appeared by happenstance, and they happened to have a function, evolution couldn’t care less. It’s especially hilarious to believe that the evolution made the autonomic nervous system fine-tune this adaptation, enabling it on fingers and toes but not on biceps or buttocks (don’t monkeys sit on rocks underwater?). When speaking of purpose, adaptation, and function, we should be thinking intelligent design – the only cause capable of achieving purposeful ends.Here are some new oxymorons provided by the reporters to add to your Darwin Funnies file: evolutionary justification, evolutionary purpose, evolutionary function. Think about that first one for awhile until you LOL.Evolution gets tacked onto these stories by human beings who innately understand purpose. They purposefully add evolution as an entertaining wrinkle on their story, but it doesn’t help scientific explanation get a grip. (Visited 85 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
30 October 2015Following a decision taken by Health Minister Dr Aaron Motsoaledi in 2011 to stop providing free formula milk to new mothers and to promote exclusive breastfeeding, the number of breast milk banks across the country has been increasing.Kuruman’s Tshwaragano District Hospital in Northern Cape is set to become home to South Africa’s latest human breast milk bank as another bank is reportedly scheduled to open in Limpopo.Why the need for a breast milk bank?According to the Northern Cape department of health, the initiative – piloted with the help of the international health organisation Path – will help to improve infant nutrition. Path district mentor Ronelle Khumalo said at a Women’s Health Dialogue that Path would build awareness about the programme as well as recruit new mothers as donors. Donors are screened for HIV and other illnesses.Fridges in which to store the milk have already been ordered for the hospital. The milk is expected to help children, including orphaned and sick infants, as well as babies who might live with guardians, such as grandmothers, who are not their biological mothers.The breast milk bank is located in the John Taolo Gaetsewe health district, where about 13% of children under the age of five admitted for severe malnutrition in 2014, died, according to the recently released District Health Barometer.Support groupsPath says it will also be partnering with the Department of Health to establish support groups for breastfeeding mothers to discuss issues around breastfeeding. Fathers will be encouraged to attend.In August, the South African Broadcasting Corporation reported that a breast milk bank had also been planned for Limpopo’s Mankweng Hospital in Polokwane.The rising number of breast milk banks across the country is a product of renewed calls to promote breastfeeding. After South Africa reportedly charted some of the lowest rates of exclusive breastfeeding in the world, Motsoaledi took a decision in 2011 to stop providing free formula milk and to promote exclusive breastfeeding for all mothers, including those who were HIV-positive, provided they were on antiretroviral treatment.International agencies such as Unicef have supported the shift, pointing out that infant formula lacks essential nutrients and antibodies to protect children from illnesses such diarrhoea and pneumonia. Exclusive breastfeeding also reduces the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission in comparison to mixed feeding, or when mothers feed babies breast milk and solids like porridge.How breast milk feeds babies born to HIV-positive mothersStasha Jordan founded the South African Breastmilk Reserve (SABR) after she had done research for her Masters degree in public policy and policy guidelines on the feeding of babies born to HIV-positive mothers, coupled with the fact that she too had become a mother, reported Media Club South AfricaSABR was formally registered in 2005. “We saw that mixed feeding – formula and breast milk – could increase the escalation of infection,” Jordan said. “A human milk bank works better. It prevents the mixed feeding of HIV-exposed infants.”She had found the opportunity to make a difference for humanity, Jordan said.Promoting breastfeeding is in line with South Africa’s health goals as set out in the National Development Plan of reducing maternal, infant and child mortality from 56 to below 30 per 1 000 live births, and reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission to zero by 2030.How human milk banking worksHealthy mothers are encouraged to voluntarily donate breast milk. The donated milk is then pasteurised. “In South Africa, where so many women are HIV-positive, sourcing donor mothers has even more importance than in the western world,” states the SABR website.“Without breast milk during their first two weeks of life, premature infants (especially those with a low birth weight) are left wanting for antibodies and are vulnerable to infections and diseases that result in hundreds of deaths annually.”The SABR runs 44 milk banks across the country and is expanding fast: in 2014, it fed 1 689 babies, while this year it has reached more than 2 800, noted British newspaper The Guardian.Source: News24Wire and SouthAfrica.info reporter
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Erdal OzkanIt is very likely that you will not be using your sprayer again until next spring. If you want to avoid potential problems and save yourself from frustration and major headaches next spring, you will be wise to give your sprayer a little bit of TLC (Tender Loving Care) this time of the year. Yes, there may be still crop to be harvested, and you may still be a busy time of the year for some of you. However, do not forget about winterizing your sprayer. Do not delay it too long, if you already have not done so. You don’t want a pump that is cracked and/or not working at its full capacity because you did not properly winterize it before the temperature falls below freezing. Here are some important things you need to do with your sprayer this time of the year.RinsingIt is very likely that you did the right thing when you used the sprayer the last time: you rinsed the whole system (tank, hoses, filters, nozzles) thoroughly. If you did not, make sure this is done before storing the sprayer. A sprayer that is not rinsed thoroughly after each use, and especially after the spraying season is over, may lead to cross-contamination of products applied for different crops next spring. Pay even more attention to avoid cross-contamination problems that may result in serious crop injury if you are using some of the new 2,4-D and dicamba herbicides. Another problem that may result from lack of, or insufficient rinsing of the complete sprayer parts is clogged nozzles. Once the nozzles are clogged, and they remain in that condition a long time, it is extremely difficult to bring them back to their normal operating conditions you expect from a comparable clean nozzle. Leaving chemical residues in nozzles will usually lead to changes in their flow rates, as well as in their spray patterns resulting in uneven distribution of chemicals on the target.Depending on the tank, proper rinsing of the interior of the tank could be easy or challenging. It will be very easy if the tank is relatively new and is equipped with special rinsing nozzles and mechanism inside the tank. If this is not the case, manual rinsing of the tank interior is more difficult, and poses some safety problems such as inhaling fumes of leftover chemicals during the rinsing process. To avoid these problems, either replace the tank with one that has the interior rinse nozzles, or install an interior tank rinse system in your existing tank.For effective rinsing of all the sprayer components, circulate clean water through the whole sprayer parts several minutes first with the nozzles off, then flush out the rinsate through the nozzles. Rinsing should be done preferably in the field, or on a concrete chemical mixing/loading pad with a sump to recover rinse water. Regardless, dispose of the rinsate according to what is recommended on the labels of the pesticides you have used. Always check the label for specific instructions. However, most labels recommend following procedure: If rinsing is done on a concrete rinse pad with a sump, put the rinsate collected in the sump back in the tank, dilute it with water and spray it in the field where there is no potential for the rinsate to reach ditches and other water bodies nearby. If the rinsing is done in the field, make sure you are not flushing out the rinsate in the system in one area. It is best to further dilute the rinse water in the tank and, spray it on the field on areas where there is no potential for the rinsate to reach ditches and other water bodies nearby.CleaningRinsing the system with water as explained above may not be sufficient to get rid of chemicals from the sprayer. This may lead to cross-contamination problems. Residues of some pesticides left in the sprayer may cause serious problems when a spray mixture containing these residual materials is applied on a crop that is highly sensitive to that pesticide. To avoid such problems, it is best to clean and rinse the entire spraying system with some sort of a cleaning solution. Usually a mixture of 1 to 100 of household ammonia to water should be adequate for cleaning the tank, but you may first need to clean the tank with a mixture containing detergent if tank was not cleaned weeks ago, right after the last spraying job was done. Some chemicals require specific rinsing solution. There is an excellent Extension Publication from University of Missouri which lists many commonly used pesticides and the specific rinsing solutions required for them. It is available online. Check it out (http://extension.missouri.edu/p/G4852). However, you should always check the product label to find out the most recent recommendations on cleaning agents.Cleaning the outside of the sprayer components deserves equal attention. Remove compacted deposits with a bristle brush. Then flush the exterior parts of the equipment with water. A high pressure washer can be used, if available. Wash the exterior of the equipment either in the field away from ditches and water sources nearby, or a specially constructed concrete rinse pad with a sump. Again, the rinsate should be disposed of according to the label recommendations. As I mentioned earlier, most labels recommends the same practice: put the rinsate collected in the sump back in the tank, dilute it with water and spray it in the field where there is no potential for the rinsate to reach ditches and other water bodies nearby.WinterizingCheck one more time to make sure there is no liquid left inside any of the sprayer parts to prevent freezing. Especially the pump, the heart of a sprayer, requires special care. You don’t want a pump that is cracked and/or not working at its full capacity because you did not properly winterize it before the temperature falls below freezing. After draining the water, add a small amount of oil, and rotate the pump four or five revolutions by hand to completely coat interior surfaces. Make sure that this oil is not going to damage rubber rollers in a roller pump or rubber parts in a diaphragm pump. Check the operator’s manual. If oil is not recommended, pouring one tablespoon of radiator rust inhibitor in the inlet and outlet part of the pump also keeps the pump from corroding. Another alternative is to put automotive antifreeze with rust inhibitor in the pump and other sprayer parts. This also protects against corrosion and prevents freezing in case all the water is not drained. To prevent corrosion, remove nozzle tips and strainers, dry them, and store them in a dry place. Putting them in a can of light oil such as diesel fuel or kerosene is another option.StorageFind ways to protect your sprayer against the harmful effects of snow, rain, sun, and strong winds. Moisture in the air, whether from snow, rain, or soil, rusts metal parts of unprotected equipment of any kind. This is especially true for a sprayer, because there are all kinds of hoses, rubber gaskets and plastic pieces all around a sprayer. Yes, the sun usually helps reduce moisture in the air, but it also causes damage. Ultraviolet light softens and weakens rubber materials such as hoses and tires and degrades some tank materials. The best protection from the environment is to store sprayers in a dry building. Storing sprayers in a building also gives you a chance to work on them any time during the off-season regardless of weather. If storing in a building is not possible, try covering the sprayer with some material that will protect it from sun, rain and snow. When storing trailer-type sprayers, put blocks under the frame or axle and reduce tire pressure during storage.Finally, check the condition of all sprayer parts one more time before leaving the sprayer behind. Identify the parts that may need to be worked on, or replaced. Check the tank, and hoses to make sure there are no signs of cracks starting to take place. Check the painted parts of the sprayer for scratched spots. Touch up these areas with paint to eliminate corrosion. By the way, don’t forget to cover openings so that birds don’t make a nest somewhere in your sprayer, and insects, dirt, and other foreign material cannot get into the system.Erdal Ozkan, Professor and Extension Agricultural engineer, can be reached at 614-292-3006, or [email protected] This column is provided by the OSU Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering, OSU Extension, Ohio Agricultural Research & Development Center, and the College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.
By Barbara O’Neill, Ph.D., CFP®, Rutgers Cooperative Extension, [email protected] people, including service members and their families, make resolutions in January to improve their health and personal finances. While most people think of health and financial resolutions as separate decisions, they are, in fact, strongly related. Perhaps nowhere is this more apparent than the relationship between eating/drinking and spending.A small change that people can make to improve their health and finances is to “stretch” food and beverages so that they simultaneously consume fewer calories and buy things less frequently, thereby saving money. Below are seven examples:Water Down Juices– Mix juices with water in a 50/50 or 2:1 juice to water ratio, depending on personal preference. Not only will you cut calories according to the mixing proportion that you select (there are 112 calories in 8 oz. of orange juice and 107 calories in 8 oz. of apple juice), but you’ll buy juice less frequently. If you purchase 52 fewer cartons of juice at a cost of $3 each, that’s $156 in savings over the course of a year.Stretch Wine and Cocktails– Order one drink, instead of several, along with a large cup of ice if you’re going out with friends. Your drink will last a lot longer with the ice to refill it and you won’t need to order another one. This strategy will save both money and calories (a 5 oz. glass of wine has 100 calories) and reduce the chance of a DWI. If someone does not buy 104 glasses of wine (two a week) at a cost of $6 apiece, at a bar or restaurant, that’s $624!Order Water- Order free and zero-calorie tap water, perhaps with a lemon or lime, for even more savings. You can also “ice down” soft drinks consumed at or away from home to stretch them out, similar to the juice example above.Photo by Katherine JohnsonIncentivize Your Children– Consider paying children $1 for drinking water, instead of soda, at restaurants. Like the above examples, the calorie and cost differential savings (e.g., $2.50 for a soda versus the $1 payment) can be substantial over time and you are fostering a positive lifetime habit.Bring Home Leftovers– Take half to two-thirds of restaurant food (depending on portion size) home for future meals. You’ll save a significant number of calories by spacing out large food portions over several meals. Assuming someone eats out once a week and takes enough food home for two additional meals, that adds up to104 meals that don’t need to be purchased because food from a restaurant or cafeteria is already available. At a conservative estimated cost of $4 per meal, that’s $416 in annual savings.Split an Entrée or Dessert– Split the calories and cost of an entrée or dessert. Even including restaurant “plate charges” for shared food, the cost savings can be substantial compared to the cost of ordering two separate meals. In addition, two people eat a half portion instead of a full one, thereby halving the calories. Follow this strategy 52 times a year and save $15 and you’ve saved $780 annually.Downsize Food Portions– Order smaller size and lower cost half-size portions when eating out or use appetizers as a meal. This strategy especially works especially well when you are traveling and taking food home, or even to a hotel room, is not an option.There are many relationships between health and personal finances including the fact that eating patterns affect food and beverage expenses. This article has identified potential annual cost savings of almost $2,000 from “stretching” strategies that affect both calories consumed and dollars spent. Perhaps you can think of others.Want to lose weight and save money? You may not need to look any further than your refrigerator.The Rutgers Cooperative Extension Small Steps to Health and Wealth™ (SSHW) program encourages people to make positive behavior changes to simultaneously improve their health and personal finances. Information about SSHW can be found at http://njaes.rutgers.edu/sshw/, including monthly health and personal finance messages and a 132-page SSHW workbook that is available for free downloading.