All underage activities at Curragh Athletic football club in Killygordon have been suspended until August 24th after what the club has described as a spike in positive COVID-19 tests in the area. In a statement this afternoon, Curragh Athletic football club said that although at present there is no positive cases within the club that they have been made aware of, they taken the decision to suspend all underage activities until the 24th of August to help prevent the spread of virus in the area.The Committee says that this wasn’t an easy decision or one that the club has taken lightly but the safety of all club members and community in general is of their utmost priority. Donegal club suspends activity over ‘Covid spike’ By News Highland – August 7, 2020 Twitter Google+ Google+ Could Donegal supporters be in Armagh on Saturday Community Enhancement Programme open for applications Pinterest Facebook Twitter WhatsApp Pinterest Facebook Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articleNew social housing for NewtowncunninghamNext articleGardai urge people not to park carelessly at beaches News Highland Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Homepage BannerNewsSport Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme WhatsApp
Deafening silence in his beloved city By John BurtonIt was a terrible ending to their French vacation for Mayor Donald Burden and his wife, Mary Lea, one which included a few days in their beloved Paris – coinciding with last week’s horrific terrorist attacks.The Burdens returned to the U.S. late on Sunday “Safe, exhausted, somewhat confused about all the happenings,” the mayor relayed to friends who expressed concern about the couple, knowing their travel plans, “and thinking about the innocent and the innocence of Paris.“Our hearts go out to all,” he said.By Saturday morning, in the aftermath of last Friday’s ISIS attacks that ultimately left 129 dead, Burden observed of Paris “It was almost ghostly quiet.” Disconcertingly so, he said. Paris is always a vibrant city, Burden explained, especially on Saturdays. In the Burdens’ experience during their many trips to Paris, Parisians and tourists on the weekends flock to the cafes and museums. Many of those spots were either closed or if open, vacant, Burden, noted. “Saturday night,” he recalled, “the entire town was dark,” and the streets were empty.“The City of Lights was in darkness.”Cathedrals were closed to the public following the terrorist attacks.Speaking with French citizens, there was a numbness, a shock among the city’s residents, he said. But there was also an anger and the beginnings of a resilience. “There was a sense of enough is enough,” Burden said. In addition, there was a sorrow with many apologizing to the American tourists. “They were saying ‘It’s too bad this had to happen while you were here,’” he said.The Burdens had spent much of the week in Provence, traveling by rail from Avignon on Thursday to Paris.This was the couple’s seventh trip to Paris, a city they have come to know and love. “The whole spirit of living, the grandeur,” of Paris, is what, in part, Burden said he really appreciated.“They have a greater sense of history than anywhere else. And the food is to die for,” he offered as other appealing qualities. “I probably know the museums of Paris” – where you don’t have one or two Monets, but dozens – “better than in New York,” Burden acknowledged.Burden, who is now retired, was working in New York City on Sept. 11, 2001, during the World Trade Center terrorist attack, and there are similarities as well as differences between the experiences, he offered. While in New York that day 14 years ago, it was one location; here there were a number of sites, and that, along with the terrorist killings earlier this year, likely contributing to the confusion people were experiencing last weekend. “I think a lot of French people thought this wouldn’t happen again,” he suspected. But given that it had, “They were trying to figure out the connections,” among the targets.Leaving Paris security was incredibly tight, with “checkers and checkers checking checkers and checkers checking checkers and checkers,” as they made their way to their flight home after hours of precautions. When arriving at Newark Liberty International Airport, they again faced close security, with officials reviewing their passports and inspecting carry-on luggage before being able to disembark the plane – the first time Burden could remember that ever happening.They like to travel and Burden said they will again, of course. “I wouldn’t say we have reservations,” about future travel, he explained. “But I would say we would carefully consider our next destination.”But no reservations about again returning to Paris sometime. “It’s just a wonderful city,” he said.
The C ring was the most featureless of the rings, as expected. (Note: horizontal lines are artifacts of noise not yet removed from the raw images.) The B ring was the most opaque, also as expected, but showed vivid bands and fine ringlets. The Cassini Division is filled with material, not an empty gap as seen in amateur telescopes. Infrared measurements showed this material to contain more dirt than the main rings, which are composed almost completely of water ice; a press release states that the dirt resembles material seen on Phoebe. The A ring had many classic examples of waves. Density waves are longitudinal waves caused by orbital resonances with moons; they showed damping away from Saturn. Spiral bending waves are transverse waves generated by interactions with the inclined moon Mimas; these showed damping toward Saturn. One image showed both wave types in the same frame. Another image showed fine structure that Porco described as “straw” in appearance; as yet, she could offer no explanation for what must be fine-scale clumping. The Encke gap revealed the previously-imaged scalloped edge in beautiful detail. The scalloping is a wake induced by the embedded moonlet Pan. The image was so surreal that Dr. Porco thought at first her team must have been tricking her with a simulation. Ringmaster Jeff Cuzzi also was stunned and taken by the beauty and clarity of this image, and how it so perfectly demonstrated the wave processes theorists had predicted. The F ring showed several strands, and streaks of material being pulled toward the shepherd moon Prometheus. The sunlit side of the F ring showed several bright strands with diffuse material between them. Contrary to expectations, no ring “spokes” were yet seen by Cassini like the Voyagers saw 23 years ago. JPL scientists are speculating the spokes are a seasonal phenomenon that appear when the sunlight hits the rings at a steeper angle. The cosmic dust analyzer instrument did detect dust particles coming from the rings, however, which might be related to the spoke phenomenon. Ultraviolet measurements showed that the Cassini Division and Encke Gap both have dirtier material than the main rings (see Space.Com). This unknown material resembles the spectral characteristics of Phoebe. The UV images were color-coded in dazzling patterns of maroon and turquoise like black-light posters. “Shocked” was how Carolyn Porco, lead Cassini imaging scientist, described her initial reaction to new pictures of Saturn’s rings. Precious images began to pour in early July 1 from science observations right after the previous night’s perfect orbit insertion maneuver (see 06/30/2004 headline). Even though the imaging team had been confident in the capabilities of Cassini’s cameras, Porco said she was surprised to be so surprised at the clarity and beauty of the results. The spacecraft was as stable as a tripod as the narrow-angle camera snapped 61 sharp photos of the rings at closer range than ever before. Portions of all the major rings – C, B, and A, along with the F ring and the Encke, Keeler and Cassini divisions – were photographed. The highest resolution images were taken on the backlit side of the rings. After the second ring plane crossing, Cassini turned and imaged the sunlit side for a few frames from a greater distance. Though unable to resolve individual particles, Cassini’s CCD cameras detected remarkable structural detail: Infrared measurements revealed that the rings are almost 99% water ice, higher than the 98% previously thought. This argues against the rings having formed from the breakup of a rocky body. Dr. Roger Clark (USGS), in answer to a reporter’s query whether ring particles might have rocky cores, answered in the negative; repeated collisions would have uncovered any rock remnants that the Cassini VIMS instrument would have detected. The ring particles are almost pure water ice. Differences in colors of the main rings come from a small proportion of contaminants. Each main ring also has a distinct particle size distribution, temperature, density and thickness. Additional findings from other instruments such as the ion and neutral mass spectrometer and plasma spectrometer should be announced soon. At a lecture a few hours after the images came down, ringmaster Andre Brahic explained that a few of these features match predictions from known physical processes exactly, but there is more structural detail seen than scientists can explain. There are gaps without known moons to create them, for instance, and some predicted gaps cannot be found. Disk features like Saturn’s rings also show up on larger scales, like dust disks around stars, and the star-studded disks of spiral galaxies. Understanding the rings of Saturn, therefore, can shed light on the dynamics of stars and galaxies. Brahic cautioned against simplistic extrapolation of ring physics to large-scale disks, however, since there are significant differences between them, such as mass, viscosity, magnetic field effects, charge, velocity, gravitational influences, external influences, and composition. Many more ring observations will be taken over the next four years, including occultations by the radar and ultraviolet instruments that will provide even finer detail on the density and structure of the rings. It’s clear already, however, that one day’s worth of data will keep scientists busy for years getting their models to match these exciting new observations from the ringed planet. Brahic also stated that most ring scientists accept the notion that the rings are far younger than the solar system (assuming the rarely-challenged date of 4.5 billion years). He said he preferred not to believe that for personal, not scientific, reasons. He finds it hard to believe that the rings just appeared in time for humans to observe them. Most of his energetic, humorous and informative talk concerned how resonances, collisions and interactions could induce the structures seen – which is fine, because those are all ongoing effects of present-tense, observable processes. But how can these delicate features remain stable for long ages? A shepherd can keep the sheep in line only so long if wolves are routinely picking them off and no new sheep are being added. Brahic did not dwell on how ring material could be replenished during billions of years of gas drag, light pressure, collisional spreading, micrometeorites and ionic sputtering, though he acknowledged these destructive processes are at work in the rings. This is a clear case of wanting to believe something without evidence, even in spite of the evidence. Enjoy the rings in the age of man, because they are going, going, gone.(Visited 11 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Abdel Kader Haïdara, one of Timbuktu’s leading manuscript experts. Haïdara inherited his family’s collection and opened the city’s first private archive, the Mamma Haïdara Memorial Library, in 1998. (Image: Library of Congress) The Haïdara family library houses over 5 000 manuscripts covering topics such as astronomy, geography, chemistry, medicine, poetry, travel journals, and legal and philosophical documents. (Image: Library of Congress) A number of manuscripts are elaborately detailed with gilded script. (Image: Ford Foundation) Janine ErasmusSouth African president Kgalema Motlanthe was recently in Timbuktu, Mali, to take part in the handover of that country’s newly completed archival and library facility, custom built for the priceless Timbuktu Manuscripts. The ceremony took place on 24 January 2009.Motlanthe officially inaugurated the state-of-the-art facility, built to house one of Africa’s greatest cultural treasures, and handed it over to President Amadou Touré and the people of Mali. He was accompanied by his predecessor, former president Thabo Mbeki, and Deputy Minister of Arts and Culture Ntombazana Botha.South Africa has played an important role in the construction of the building, as well as the training of Malian staff. The unveiling of the new facility sees an important collaborative programme come to fruition.“It is in the spirit of African cooperation and with the desire to preserve Africa’s ancient manuscripts, that this building is the outcome of collaboration between the peoples and governments of the Republic of Mali and the Republic of South Africa to make them accessible for the promotion of the African Renaissance,” commented Botha, who coordinates the project with Minister in the Presidency Manto Tshabalala-Msimang.The Timbuktu library project is a flagship cultural initiative of the New Partnership for Africa’s development and started when then President Mbeki made a state trip to Mali in November 2001.Mbeki took time to visit Timbuktu and witnessed firsthand the conditions under which the collection of medieval documents were kept at the time. Battling not only inadequate facilities but also the harsh climate of the region – Timbuktu sits on the western edge of the unforgiving Sahara desert – staff were nonetheless diligent in their work and devoted to their task.Mbeki later confessed to being immensely moved by the efforts of staff to preserve the precious slice of African history, and decided there and then to assist in the conservation of the documents. The South African government issued a pledge to build a new library to ensure that the fragile manuscripts were kept under climate-controlled conditions.About 25 000 manuscripts now have a new home. The building reportedly houses an auditorium, administration offices, conservation storage and workshop spaces, exhibition spaces, an outdoor auditorium for public events, and a general public library for residents. It also offers advanced facilities for visiting scholars.Cultural co-operationMbeki and his Malian counterpart, former president Oumar Konare, signed a bilateral agreement in 2001, which saw the establishment of the Timbuktu Trust. The Trust was chaired by South Africa’s former Minister in the Presidency Essop Pahad and its mission was to raise funds for building. About R60-million (US$6-million) but 60% was donated to the fund through the generosity of the private and public sectors.The agreement also set out the areas of co-operation between the two countries. These included skills training, raising public awareness, and providing proper protection for the manuscripts.South African archivists supervised specialised training in conservation techniques for Malian representatives between 2003 and 2005. At the same time the two countries organised a series of conferences, cultural exchanges and publications to raise awareness of the importance of the collection. In 2008 a selection of 40 manuscripts left Mali for the first time ever to tour museums in South Africa.Historical documentsThe Timbuktu Manuscripts are written in Arabic and local languages, and cover topics as diverse as ethical behaviour, Islamic doctrine, Sufism, the use of gold as currency, treatment of disease, and local correspondence. More than 700 000 documents survive under the care of archive staff and in private libraries, providing a rich commentary of life at the time. Most are in a fragile condition.Timbuktu is a city steeped in cultural history, and is inscribed on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation’s (Unesco) register of World Heritage sites. The manuscripts themselves are part of Unesco’s Memory of the World project, which aims to preserve irreplaceable archive holdings and library collections around the world.The city was founded around 1100 C.E (Common Era, equivalent to A.D.) and quickly established itself as an important stop along the lucrative gold-salt trade routes in the region.Even before the European Renaissance, the ancient city was an important centre of spiritualism and learning during the 15th and 16th centuries. This was the heyday of the Songhai Empire, one of the largest African empires ever known.Timbuktu was home to the renowned Koranic Sankore University and other institutions, and became a hub for the propagation of the Islamic faith throughout Africa. Scholars came from all over the Islamic world to improve their knowledge. The existence of the manuscripts is important in that it indicates a history of the written word in Africa, in contrast to the belief that the oral tradition took precedence.Timbuktu boasts three magnificent mosques, Djingarey-Ber, Sankore and Sidi Yahia, which attest to the grandeur of the city during its golden age.The new library is built in the adobe style of Timbuktu, blended with contemporary architectural styles. It is designed to protect the manuscripts against the threats of insect damage, natural elements such as dust and wind, chemical dangers such as acidity and moisture, and the perils of careless human handling.Curator, artist and writer Riason Naidoo, the project manager, said, “It’s a melange of old and new.”Do you have comments or queries about this article? Email Janine Erasmus on [email protected] storiesSaving priceless African historyUseful links:Timbuktu FoundationUnesco – Timbuktu ManuscriptsLibraries of TimbuktuLibrary of Congress Timbuktu Manuscripts exhibitionNew Partnership for Africa’s DevelopmentThe city of TimbuktuFord Foundation
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest I hope, in spite of the dismal grain prices currently in front of us, that you can see the humor in many situations and keep your overall perspective cheerful for all.Demand for U.S. grains now that we have reached 2016 continues to be boring, stagnant, and uneventful. During the last week of December 2015, the trend of soybeans exports larger than corn exports continued what was taking place throughout the fall. Corn export loadings that last week in December were 22.4 million bushels, nearly six million bushels below that of the previous week. Year to date exports from Sept. 1 were 359 million bushels. For the same period a year ago corn exports were 457 million bushels, a decrease of 21%. No one is going to be surprised by the decrease. USDA had already decreased corn exports 100 million bushels in the December Supply and Demand Report compared to the September report. Don’t be surprised to see corn exports fall even more in the months ahead.Soybean exports for the same week in December were 51.4 million bushels with a total of 958 million bushels shipped since Sept. 1 versus 1.081 billion bushels for the same period in 2014, a decline of 11%. From September 2015 to December 2015 corn export projections by USDA dropped 100 million bushels. Soybean export projections also declined but by the much smaller number of 10 million bushels.What caused the drop demand for U.S. grains? There are several reasons. Strong exports from others around the world would top the declines. Strong grain prices seen three to five years ago prompted when corn was above $8 and soybeans above $17 strongly encouraged other countries to step up their production. Additional land was brought into production. Great weather also increased yields in the U.S. and around the world. Strong competition from Argentina and Brazil have also played a huge role. Brazil has greatly increased their soybean production and exports in the past five years. Argentina has become a much bigger exporter of corn this past year compared to previous years when little corn left the country.The election of new Argentina president, Mauricio Marci is also a factor. Last month following his installation on Dec. 10, several changes pushed Argentina into the arena of importance and export activity. Grain export taxes were removed for corn and wheat. Export taxes for soybeans were reduced but not eliminated. In addition, their peso was devalued. The combination of lower export taxes and the currency devaluation is providing a strong impetus to rid Argentina of huge stocks of unsold soybeans. Weather concerns in dry northern Brazil could only push soybeans higher for a brief period in December. March CBOT soybeans reached $9.11 the first week of December 2015 and quickly ran out of gas.Corn demand for ethanol continues to be strong, but not growing, as the U.S. set a new weekly grind of nearly 106 million bushels in late November 2015. Weekly grinds during November and December 2015 ranged from 100.4 million bushels to 105.8 million bushels. Margins are thin and considerably below those seen in March-May 2015 as they reached nearly 80 cents per bushel. Corn used for ethanol is currently projected at 5.2 billion bushels. That number is down 50 million bushels from the September projections. Last year for the year ending August 31, 2015 corn used for ethanol reached 5.209 billion bushels.Corn basis levels remain beyond the wildest expectations of many as they reached March plus 15 and higher in central Ohio train shipper locations and March plus 26 at Ohio ethanol plants. The corn basis had been pretty flat for all of December as it stopped its skyward assault from levels seen in harvest. In several non-ethanol plants it actually declined 5 to 7 cents. Basis pushes seen in November were laughed at and non-existent during December.Corn and soybean prices for the next three months see little upside potential. It will take weather or demand to push corn above $4 and soybeans back above $9. As we ended 2015 there was tremendous negative news. Producers were fearful of even more declines in the weeks ahead.
Spurs goalscorer Alli: The bottle? It makes the win sweeterby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveTottenham midfielder Dele Alli shrugged off being struck by a plastic bottle during their Carabao Cup quarterfinal win over Arsenal.Alli and Son Heung-min struck for the 2-0 win.On being hit by the bottle, Alli smiled: “It is what it is. It made the goal a bit sweeter and the win.”He continued: “We knew how important it was today, a big test. It was a strong performance in the end.”Son is a passionate guy and brings his character out on the pitch. He’s one of the fastest players I’ve seen, I didn’t have a doubt he would finish.”When I went through for my goal I knew I had to time my run and keep my composure.”Son also stated: “It’s a big derby, last time we were here we didn’t have a great result and this is a special night. We go for the semi-final.”I was happy with the goal, thanks to Dele for the pass. I always make the run and it was great timing. We are on the way, we are positive.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
All Type 3 facilities that fall under the St. Elizabeth Health Department are slated to receive proper directional signage. As a best practice, customer-service desks will be posted in all facilities and customer representatives will be made easily identifiable with marked vests. Story Highlights The Government has provided $2 million worth of medical equipment to the Santa Cruz Health Centre of Excellence in St. Elizabeth, which will enhance healthcare services to citizens served by the facility. The provision, under the Public Sector Transformation and Modernisation Division (PSTMD) of the Office of the Cabinet, is part of efforts by the Government to revolutionise service delivery across the public sector. The Government has provided $2 million worth of medical equipment to the Santa Cruz Health Centre of Excellence in St. Elizabeth, which will enhance healthcare services to citizens served by the facility.The items include a standby generator, phlebotomy chair, diagnostic set for eyes and nose, electrocardiograph (ECG) machine, and a refrigerator for storing specimen and vaccines. The centre will also receive a cardiac monitor.The provision, under the Public Sector Transformation and Modernisation Division (PSTMD) of the Office of the Cabinet, is part of efforts by the Government to revolutionise service delivery across the public sector.It follows a customer-service assessment of the health sector, which was completed between 2014 and 2015.All Type 3 facilities that fall under the St. Elizabeth Health Department are slated to receive proper directional signage. As a best practice, customer-service desks will be posted in all facilities and customer representatives will be made easily identifiable with marked vests.Speaking at the handover ceremony at the health centre on April 10, Principal Director of the Modernisation Implementation Unit in the PSTMD, Wayne Robertson, said the Unit will continue to strengthen public institutions to make them more effective and efficient in delivering services to the public.“We are seeking to revolutionise customer service in Jamaica, which is why we have revamped the programme. We are developing a policy, which is called the service excellence policy, and we have also mandated ministries to develop customer-service-improvement plans,” he indicated.He said the policy will be developed and promulgated by December of this year and will set out the mandates of public-sector institutions.Mr. Robertson said the PSTMD is seeking to improve the ease of doing business, including making it easier for customers and patients to access government services.He underscored the importance of the health sector in helping to achieve Jamaica’s growth agenda, and encouraged the Southern Regional Health Authority (SRHA) to do its part in maintaining the equipment while the PSTMD continues to transform the sector.“This is not an event; it is the start of a very long important process … . We are working assiduously behind the scenes, we are going to be collaborating further with you, the health centre, to make sure that we do more if we can,” he saidRegional Director, SRHA, Michael Bent, lauded the efforts of the PSTMD and committed to continue working with the team to add value to health services throughout St. Elizabeth.“Transformation and modernisation is important in today’s organisation. Certainly, at the Southern Regional Health Authority, we have embraced that and we have taken practical steps to ensure that we are ahead, because we need to be the cutting edge,” he said.He noted that “no longer are we going to be using equipment and technologies and processes that are outdated and are not optimising outcomes and outputs”.The PSTMD was created to streamline activities aimed at boosting government efficiency, through the engagement of technocrats in the ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs), civil society and other groups.The programme is consistent with the Vision 2030 Jamaica – National Development Plan, which commits the Administration to foster world-class customer service and professionalism in all public institutions and to create mechanisms for efficient and effective delivery of services.
The Canadian PressDENVER – A proposal debated Monday by lawmakers about the use of Native American mascots by Colorado schools prompted a tense moment about using slurs for other groups of people as team names.To make a point of how offensive mascot monikers such as “redskins” can be, the sponsors of a bill limiting the use of such names began their presentation to the House Education Committee with a slideshow, playing on a loop, with caricatures bearing offensive names for Hispanic, Asian, and black people.“We wouldn’t tolerate these images now, would we?” said Rep. Joe Salazar, a Thornton Democrat who is co-sponsoring the bill.The images drew a strong reaction from Rep. Rhonda Fields, a black lawmaker on the committee who supports the bill. She said the slideshow was offensive and should be stopped because the sponsors had made their point.“Rep. Fields, I’m just as offended by it, and I think that’s the point,” said Rep. Jovan Melton, who is also black. “The point is there’s students who have to go every single day to school and see ‘savages’ or ‘redskins’ or to see some type image that degrades them.”The bill cleared the committee – its first – with a 6-5 party-line vote with Republicans in opposition. It needs passage by one more panel before going to the full House.The bill would require public schools with American Indian mascots or logos to get permission for their use from a panel of nine Native Americans.Only schools that get approval would be allowed to continue using the mascots. Schools that don’t get permission would have to stop the use within two years or face a fine of $25,000 a month.Opponents of the bill have argued that it would be cost prohibitive for schools to redo logos on uniforms, buses and gym floors. They also argue that it’s not their intent to offend, and that for some schools the names are a source of pride.The bill would create a new state panel called the Subcommittee for the Consideration of the Use of American Indian Mascots by Public Schools. The voting members would review mascot names and decide whether the mascots are offensive.Rep. Justin Everett said the proposal would be “another burden on school districts.”“Especially the rural school districts who are going to come testify in front of the committee, basically sing for their supper so they’re not losing $25,000,” he said.John Sampson, a board member of the Strasburg School District, home of the Indians, said they have pride and respect in the name.“Contrary to what has been suggested here today, we do not in any way, shape, form or manner hold American Indians, their culture, their heritage or their values in disrespect,” he said.The movement to ban the use of Native American mascots has gotten greater public attention because of the push to get the NFL’s Washington Redskins to change the name of the team.At the college level, the NCAA warned more than a dozen schools in 2005 that they would face sanctions if they didn’t change Native American logos or nicknames. Some colleges kept the nicknames by obtaining permission from tribes, including the Florida State Seminoles and the University of Utah Utes.
Beverly AndrewsAPTN NewsAnishinabe soldier Francis Pagahmagabow who fought in the First World War may not be a well-known name in Canada – but he’s celebrated in Europe. Pagahmagabow was one of the soldiers honoured at a ceremony in Belgium at the beginning in November for his service during the war.It happened on the anniversary of Battle of Passchendaele.About a hundred people wrapped in warm coats, and scarves stand with their hands in their pockets while speeches are read from the podium – and a wreath laid at the cenotaph.This isn’t the first time Julia Pegahmagabow has honoured her great-grandfather, Staff Sgt. Francis Pegahmagabow – but it’s her first time in Belgium visiting one of the places where he served.“It was indeed a great sacrifice,” she told APTN News. “Just as with the rest of the Canadian soldiers who came here and lost their lives here.”(The headdress belonging to Pegahmagabow on display at the National War Museum. Photo: Annette Francis/APTN)2017 marks the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Passchendaele.It was one of the deadliest for Canada – 4,000 dead, and another 12,000 wounded.Francis Pegahmagabow from the Wasauksing First Nation fought in many battles as a deadly sniper.Pegahmagabow enlisted just days after Britain declared war on Germany.“He left Canada as a person who really probably thought of himself as a treaty person, who came as an ally and not as a subject,” she said.“Who was honouring his commitment to Treaty by joining the commonwealth an enlisting for this war.”Initially, the Canadian government discouraged Indigenous peoples from enlisting.But that didn’t stop Francis Pegahmagabow.He ended up being known as the deadliest sniper of World War One – credited with 378 kills, and capturing 300 more.And his skills helped him carry messages along the frontlines.“We may have been a small portion, 4000 people, 4000 men enlisting from indigenous communities but the contribution was great,” said his great-granddaughter.(Medals belonging to Pegahmagabow on display at the National War Museum. (Photo: Annette Francis/APTN)Francis was awarded the Military Medal – one of many he would take home from the war in Europe.First Bar at the Battle of Passchendaele.The second at the Battle of the Scarpe where he braved enemy fire to collect ammunition in No Man’s Land.But despite the bravery, her great-grandfather showed on the battlefield fighting alongside Canadian and British soldiers, nothing changed when he returned home.In Canada, he was again under the control of the Indian agent – but he started a news fight – one for the freedom of Indigenous people.“He was certainly in the war a sniper and scout,” said his great-grandson Brian McInnes. “But Francis was also a father, a good community member, former Wasauksing councilor, chief and also national chief, of the time, the national Indian government.McInnes said having been an equal in the trenches, risking his life and sustaining injuries, his great-grandfather found it unacceptable to be under the control of an Indian agent.As well as living with other Canadian policies meant to limit Indigenous rights and freedoms.“And that’s was what really Francis referred to after the war as his greatest war,” said McInnes. “To ensure the legacy of his people forever into the future.”Francis Pegahmagabow wanted to unite and strengthen the rights of Indigenous people of Anishinabe of Wasauksing, and eventually the entire country.To have Treaties honoured, and to be recognized as equals.“I think the biggest accomplishment was that he came home,” said Julia Pegahmagabow. “He got to come home and we’re here because he was able to come home.”After speeches are given, there is a moment of silence.Then the band plays one last song to honour the fallen.Julia Pegahmagabow hopes the legacy and heroism of her great-grandfather and all Indigenous soldiers is taught more in schools so their service is never forgotten.